ORIGIN AND BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION
The melon (Cucumis melo L.) is a fleshy fruit from the cucurbitaceous plant, originated in tropical Africa, as there where many wild species found. It has a wide morphological diversity and economically, it is one of the most important species in the world due to its excellent acceptance by the consumer in the summer season. In addition, it is an excellent source of nutrients such as carbohydrates, organic acids, minerals and vitamins, it is possible to grow it for most of the year.
The annual plant is a branched repent one with a great easy fruit setting. The root system is branched and abundant in the first 30-40 cm depth. The dentated leaves are usually fluffy and rough to touch. The flowers are isolated and yellow; they can be male, female and hermaphrodite. Pollination is mainly entomophilic. The fruit is a berry that can be of different shapes depending on the variety (spherical, elliptical, oval, etc.). The green peel can be even, flexible or striped. The core can be white, yellow, orange, salmon or green coloured. The placenta, depending on its consistency, can be dry, gelatinous or juicy.